Rift and supradetachment basins during extension: insight from the Tyrrhenian rift
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The style of extensional basins provides key insights into the magnitude of extension and their kinematic evolution. The newly documented Stilo rift (off Calabria, Italy) features a Serravallian–Tortonian rift basin bounded by a high-angle normal fault and a Messinian adjacent supradetachment basin bounded by a low-angle normal fault. We propose a kinematic model suggesting the abandonment of the high-angle normal fault and the beginning of low-angle normal fault activity, followed by a rapid increase in extension. The triggering mechanism of the low-angle normal faults can be attributed to rapid rollback of the subducting plate and/or to isostatic crustal uplift.