Fig. A2. Mechanical constraints on kink band and thrust development in the Appalachian Plateau, USA
figureposted on 2017-06-09, 11:43 authored by Paul Gillespie, Günther Kampfer
(a) A solid domain Ω loaded with the force Q. Virtual velocity fields Û on the positive and the negative side of a discontinuity ΣU, where rupture occurs. The jump in velocity Ĵ is given by [[Û]]=Û+ – Û– (Kampfer 2010). (b)The strength domain is plotted with velocity axes aligned with the stress axes, showing the traction vector and the velocity jump vector, which have a power of maximum resistance described by the support function, for each of the 5 domains, which are opening, dilatant shear, compacting shear and compaction, respectively. The clockwise domains, 1C, 2C etc. are plotted, whereas their anticlockwise counterparts, 1A, 2A etc. are not shown.
velocity axesUSA2. Mechanical constraintstraction vectorsupport functionAppalachian PlateauVirtual velocity fields Ûvelocity jump vectordomain Ω5 domainsstress axesdiscontinuity Σ Uforce Qanticlockwise counterparts2 Cdilatant shearstrength domain1 Ccompacting shearvelocity Ĵthrust developmentkink bandGeology